The Fusion Revolution
The Fusion Revolution
Lockheed Martin's simplified hot fusion reactor
Lockheed Martin has a website and video describing their radically new compact high beta hot
fusion reactor. The reactor is only about
2x2x4 meters in size. Lockheed Martin hopes to meet global baseload
electricity demand by the year 2050.
Tri Alpha Energy
uses a simplified form of high temperature fusion that uses boron and hydrogen as fuel. The fusion products are broken up into three
helium-4 nuclei and three alpha particles, a process that produces
little or no radioactive waste. Tri Alpha's reactor can
create electricity directly with no turbine required, increasing
efficiency while reducing size and construction costs. Tri Alpha's
concept is so appealing that famed Microsoft co-founder, Paul Allen,
has invested millions of dollars in this Rancho Santa
Margarita based company.
Professor Leif Holmlid's laser experiment on ultra-dense deuterium
Professor Leif Holmlid and others at the University of Gothenburg,
Sweden, are working on low cost fusion power of a new type that does
not produce dangerous high speed neutrons. "Fusion energy may
soon be used in small-scale power stations.
This means producing environmentally friendly heating and
electricity at a low cost from fuel found in water. Both heating
generators and generators for electricity could be developed within a
few years, according to research that has primarily been conducted at
the University of Gothenburg." See "Mesons from Laser-Induced Processes in Ultra-Dense Hydrogen H(0)".
HB11 Energy Headed by Professor Heinrich Hora,
HB11 Energy promises low cost fusion power through new developments in laser
boron fusion. Heinrich is a Professor Emeritus at University
of New South Wales, Australia, and Vice-President of the Royal
Society of New South Wales. “We expect to be able to
provide energy for about ¼ of the price of coal fired power, without
any carbon emissions or radioactive by-products, which will be
disruptive to the power industry. With the small size and
footprint of a HB11 power station, the addressable market is expected
to reach further than the power grid to applications such as ships,
submarines, large factories or to remote locations such as isolated
towns and mine sites.” "Unlike Deuterium Tritium
fusion and fission techniques, the HB11 reaction is sufficiently clean
with respect to production of any harmful by-products or radiation. It
also has the potential to create electricity directly without the need
for a heat exchanger and steam turbine to generate electricity as
required for coal or fission nuclear power stations. This will allow
power stations to be built with a relatively small capital investment
and footprint based on presently achived extreme laser technology." See "Breakthroughs Could Make Commercial Laser Nuclear Fusion Through Billion Times Improvements In Yield" and "Road map to clean energy using laser beam ignition of boron-hydrogen fusion".
"The very broad estimate is still 10 years: 2-3 to perform
a laboratory proof-of-concept. This stage will give us a much more
accurate indication of timeline as we gain a good understanding of the
engineering challenges. As several groups around the world have
already observed this type of laser boron fusion we don't expect there
to be anywhere near the challenges faced by D-T fusion efforts. From this point a prototype would be a 5-10 year project." — Dr. Warren McKenzie
, Materials scientist
, UNSW conjoint
academic, business development manager of the Australian National
Fabrication Facility, and Director of Indee Labs and Advanced Alloy
Holdings.Helion Energy, First Light Fusion, and General Fusion are also working on lower cost hot fusion technology.
Molten salt fission nuclear reactors - the backup plan
simplified hot fusion technology does not work as hoped, the world has an alternative in the form of
molten salt fission nuclear reactors. While less desirable
than simplified hot fusion technology, we know that
molten salt reactors work because they have already been built and
tested during the 1950s through 1970s. Molten salt reactors are inherently safer and
simpler than light water nuclear reactors, and they are
cheaper to build and maintain. Molten salt reactors can run on
uranium or on plutonium fuel salvaged from old nuclear warheads.
They can also be used to breed new uranium-233 fuel from the
Earth's inexhaustible supply of low cost thorium. A
Canadian company called Terrestrial Energy
has a plan to start producing simple molten salt
uranium based reactors and gradually transition over time to more
advanced thorium molten salt reactors.
Molten salt thorium reactors produce very little long term
nuclear waste and are meltdown proof because the fuel is designed to
be melted down right from the very beginning. A new British company, Moltex, has similar plans. See the thorium reactor YouTube movie.
the nuclear technologies described on this website have the potential
to produce low cost reliable energy twenty-four hours a day, three
hundred and sixty-five days a year. Reliability, high energy
density, and low cost are essential qualities for any authentic
replacement for fossil fuels, and they are qualities that biofuels,
windmills, and solar schemes can never give us.
Please see my main website with overview of all major energy sources, The Renewable Energy Disaster, and read Moderating Climate Change Hysteria for the real climate facts. Please watch the free YouTube videos, The Global Biofuel Disaster, Windmills Kill Birds, and Climate Hysteria.
Christopher Calder email = calderconnection AT gmail DOT com Personal home page
Christopher Calder is a nonprofit, nonpartisan advocate for world
security with no financial interest in any energy related business.