The Fusion Revolution

Lockheed Martin's simplified hot fusion reactor
Lockheed Martin fusion reator
Lockheed Martin has a website and video describing their radically new compact high beta hot fusion reactor.  

Boron-hydrogen fusion 

Tri Alpha

     Tae Technologies (formerly Tri Alpha Energy) uses a simplified form of high temperature fusion using boron and hydrogen as fuel.  The fusion products are broken up into three helium-4 nuclei and three alpha particles, a process that produces little or no radioactive waste. 

    Norront Fusion Energy - "Through annihilation we convert hydrogen to muons 1000 times more efficient than todays muon facilities for direct conversion to electricity or for muon catalyzed fusion reactors."

Aureon Energy - The Safire Project Transformational Technology

     "SAFIRE can create, control, contain, sustain, and repeat-at-will any number of plasma regimes.  No other technology in the world can do this.  Seven years of empirical testing has resulted in a unique patented stable spherical "SAFIRE" plasma reactor.  AUREON ENERGY LTD. will commercialize the SAFIRE technology into three key markets: clean energy production heating remediation of nuclear waste."

Tokamak Energy claims their compact ST40 hot fusion reactor could start powering the grid by the year 2030.

Tokamak ST40

Helion Energy,  First Light Fusion, and General Fusion are also working on lower cost hot fusion technology.

Low Energy Nuclear Reaction (LENR)  See this U.S. Naval Institute publication from September, 2018.This is Not 'Cold Fusion'.

Molten salt fission nuclear reactors - the backup plan 

     If simplified hot fusion technology does not work as hoped, the world has an alternative in the form of molten salt fission nuclear reactors.  Molten salt reactors are inherently safer than light water nuclear reactors and are cheaper to build and maintain.  Molten salt reactors can be run on uranium or plutonium fuel salvaged from old nuclear warheads, and they can also be used to breed uranium-233 fuel from the Earth's inexhaustible supply of thorium.  Molten salt thorium reactors produce very little long term nuclear waste and are meltdown proof because their fuel is designed to be melted down right from the beginning.  While less desirable than fusion technology, we know that molten salt reactors work because they were built and tested in the United States during the 1950s through 1970s.  Huntsville based Flibe Energy plans to produce liquid-fluoride thorium reactors (LFTRs) to breed thorium into fissionable uranium-233 fuel.  Canada's Terrestrial Energy plans to produce simpler molten salt uranium reactors at first and then gradually transition to the more advanced thorium molten salt reactor design over time.  Britain's Moltex has similar plans.  See the thorium reactor YouTube movie.

     All of the nuclear technologies described on this website have the potential to produce low cost reliable energy twenty-four hours a day, three hundred and sixty-five days a year.  Reliability, high energy density, and low cost are essential qualities for any authentic replacement for fossil fuels, and they are qualities that biofuels, windmills, and solar schemes can never give us.  

     Please see my main website with overview of all major energy sources, The Renewable Energy Disaster, and read Moderating Climate Change Hysteria for the real climate facts.  Please watch the free YouTube videos, The Global Biofuel Disaster,  Windmills Kill Birds, and Climate Hysteria. 

Christopher Calder    email = banbiofuels AT gmail DOT com    Personal home page  
Christopher Calder is a nonprofit, nonpartisan advocate for world food supply security with no financial interest in any energy related business.